# France : COVID19, Cases in Hospitals 27/03/2020

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Please notice that, here, density is expressed in 000’s (thousands) inhabitants per km²

Both population and density of population are significant factors in explaining the COVID-29 outbreak in France. The regression gains in signification (see F and T statistics)

Notice that, as anticipated, the slopes of the least squares adjusted lines are rising. A decline will signal that the peak in the pandemic has been passed.

This is an analysis based on public data, and subject to revisions or errors including the processing.

Data sources: Géodes – données en Santé Publique, INSEE.

## Analysis

Multiple Regression – COVID19 in hospitals 200327
Dependent variable: COVID19 in hospitals 200327
Independent variables:
Population
Th. Inhabitants per km²

Standard                     T
Parameter                               Estimate             Error                  Statistic     P-Value
CONSTANT                    –         19.387               24.1899              -0.801452     0.4248
Population                           0.000213978    0.0000317997         6.72892       0.0000
Th. Inhabitants per km²      61.2939              6.72891                9.10904       0.0000

Analysis of Variance
Source                                  Sum of Squares   Df       Mean Square    F-Ratio  P-Value
Model                                      4.75232E6          2         2.37616E6          116.28      0.0000
Residual                                  2.00262E6        98            20434.9
Total (Corr.) 6.75494E6 100

R-squared = 70.3532 percent
R-squared (adjusted for d.f.) = 69.7482 percent
Standard Error of Est. = 142.951
Mean absolute error = 84.8147
Durbin-Watson statistic = 1.18944 (P=0.0000)
Lag 1 residual autocorrelation = 0.402385

The output shows the results of fitting a multiple linear regression model to describe the relationship between COVID19 in hospitals 200327 and 2 independent variables. The equation of the fitted model is

COVID19 in hospitals 200327 = -19.387 + 0.000213978*Population + 61.2939*Th. Inhabitants per km²

Since the P-value in the ANOVA table is less than 0.05, there is a statistically significant relationship between the variables at the 95.0% confidence level.

The R-Squared statistic indicates that the model as fitted explains 70.3532% of the variability in COVID19 in hospitals 200327. The adjusted R-squared statistic, which is more suitable for comparing models with different numbers of independent variables, is 69.7482%. The standard error of the estimate shows the standard deviation of the residuals to be 142.951. This value can be used to construct prediction limits for new observations by selecting the Reports option from the text menu. The mean absolute error (MAE) of 84.8147 is the average value of the residuals. The Durbin-Watson (DW) statistic tests the residuals to determine if there is any significant correlation based on the order in which they occur in your data file. Since the P-value is less than 0.05, there is an indication of possible serial correlation at the 95.0% confidence level. Plot the residuals versus row order to see if there is any pattern that can be seen.

In determining whether the model can be simplified, notice that the highest P-value on the independent variables is 0.0000, belonging to Population. Since the P-value is less than 0.05, that term is statistically significant at the 95.0% confidence level. Consequently, you probably don’t want to remove any variables from the model.

## Charts    